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IEP Supports and Accommodations

For students with IEPs

Definition: The IEP includes identification and provision of support services that foster students’ skill development and achievement of post-school goals (e.g., environmental adaptations, accommodations, related services such as assistive technology and occupational therapy).


  • Environmental adaptations and accommodations
  • Natural supports
  • Provision of support services (e.g., OT, PT, AT, speech therapy, transportation)
  • Mentoring

Environmental adaptations and accommodations

Charting the Course: Supporting the Career Development of Youth with Learning Disabilities. The goal of this guide from the National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability (NCWD) is to improve services and outcomes for youth with both diagnosed and undiagnosed learning disabilities. Includes quick reference charts, tables, and tools for counselors, career advisors, and other professionals who work directly with youth. Information includes the types and impact of learning disabilities, needed supports, and research-based interventions. One of the objectives is to increase awareness of the fact that the workforce development system serves many youth who have learning disabilities that may never have been identified, and many others who may know they have a learning disability but choose not to disclose. PDF, 122 pages

The federally supported Job Accommodation Network (JAN) is a source of free, expert, and confidential guidance on workplace accommodations and disability employment issues. Includes resources for employers, teachers, individuals with disabilities, and agency personnel. The site offers multiple ways to get to the information you want by type of disability or by topic.

Getting Accommodations at College: Tools for School when you have a mental health disability. Attractive, user-friendly tipsheet from Transitions RTC in Massachusetts (PDF, 2 pages, 2011).

Natural supports

Definitions and resources for natural supports, from the University of South Florida’s Project 10 Transition Education Network:

Natural supports resources for school and workplace: , from the Waisman Center, U. of Wis. Madison. The Natural Supports Resource Guide (PDF, 2 p., 2011) offers examples of resources and practical strategies for developing natural supports, including links to videos and planning templates.

Blog entry on building natural peer supports in the classroom, from the Inclusive Schools Network:


Resource for designing mentoring programs for youth, including youth with disabilities: Paving the Way to Work: A Guide to Career-Focused Mentoring for Youth with Disabilities (PDF, 124 p, 2006)

Related framework pages

This area overlaps with other areas of the Framework. See the pages below, depending on your area of interest.

Assistive technology

Self-determination and self-advocacy