You have more options than you may realize for continuing your education after high school. It’s called postsecondary education.
How to continue your education after high school
- Earn a two- or four-year degree at a college.
- Enroll in a certificate program at a community college.
- Enter an apprenticeship program. Apprenticeships are formal combinations of classroom and on-the-job training.
- Enter a job training program or trade school, also known as vocational school.
- Start or continue training in a career or technical education program.
- Join a branch of the military: Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marine Corps, and Navy.
- Apply to Job Corps. Job Corp is a no-cost career technical training and education program for low income young people ages 16 through 24.
- Take an online course in a field that interests you. Accredited Schools Online is a website specifically about online postsecondary programs.
- Work and take adult or continuing education classes.
- Enroll in a one-year program to work on specific skills.
- Enter a volunteer program where you travel and work for a year in the US or abroad.
- …and more. You have options!
There’s deciding to go to college, finding a college, and thriving once you get there. This section has resources to help with all that.
Benchmarks for College Success
Keene State College Office for Disability Services has identified five important benchmarks for college success:
- Collect proper documentation of disability
- Demonstrate self-advocacy skills
- Demonstrate responsibility (intrinsic motivation)
- Understand the differences between high school and college
- Integrate assistive technology into daily life
Benchmarks for College Success (PDF, 28 slides, 2016) is a Powerpoint presentation with more details on each of these benchmarks, especially assistive technology.
Going from high school to college
Summaries of differences between high school and college:
- Short chart, from the New Hampshire Technical Institute, PDF, 1 page
- More detailed chart, from a national center on transition, PDF, 3 pages
Toto, I Have a Feeling We’re Not in High School Any More is a college transition guide for parents of students with disabilities from the New Hampshire Technical Institute. (PDF, 24 pages, 2014)
Landmark College in Putney, Vermont, developed a Guide to Assessing College Readiness to help parents and students assess readiness for college work. The six-page guide identifies five success areas: academic skills, self-understanding (metacognition), self-advocacy, executive function, and motivation and confidence. (PDF, 6 pages, 2009)
Self-advocacy and the Transition to College is an eight-lesson curriculum that addresses the specific needs of students with disabilities who are getting ready for postsecondary education: knowledge of your disability, how it impacts your learning, what accommodations are needed, how to communicate those needs, and your rights and responsibilities under the law. From the Monadnock Center for Successful Transitions at Keene State College. (PDF, 66 pages, 2011)
Especially for parents
“An Open Letter to Parents of Students With Disabilities About to Enter College” was written a few years ago by Jane Jarrow from the University of Buffalo Disability Services Office. “Very few children with disabilities can succeed at the college level. On the other hand, students with disabilities survive and thrive on college campuses across the country.” The letter is full of suggestions to help parents and students make the necessary transition from child to college student.
Preparing Students for College Success: The Role of Family is a set of PowerPoint slides that covers lots of important pieces of the college transition. An easy read with good content. (PDF, 33 slides, 2015)
Good story about a college student who was initially reluctant to use available help, and how she eventually flowered: “College Special-Needs Students Face Choice: Seek Help or Go It Alone?”
The ADA, Section 504 & Postsecondary Education handout is one of PACER’s most downloaded and widely distributed documents (PDF, 3 pages, 2015).
Living college life with a disability
Going to College is a website developed by Virginia Commonwealth University with information about living college life with a disability. It’s designed for high school students and has video clips, activities, and resources that to help you get a head start.
Making My Way Through College is for any student interested in a degree or other type of certification at a two-year or four-year college. It was developed by the National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability (NCWD). (PDF, 44 pages, 2015)
Winning in College: A Guide for Students with Disabilities is an online guide that covers topics such as rights of students with disabilities, required documentation, scholarships, and choosing the right school. It also has good sections about online courses, resources by type of disability, and suggestions for mobile apps and desktop software for assistive technology.
Finding a disability-friendly college
Review the disability services office information on the college’s website. Colleges list their disability services offices in different places on their websites, so try typing “disabilities” in the website’s search box to find the office quickly. Disability services at NH and nearby colleges
A list of questions to ask to make sure a college can meet your needs, from Fastweb, a scholarship resource site.
A quick way to compare information about different colleges, from the National Center for Education Statistics: nces.ed.gov/collegenavigator/
College Resources for Students with Disabilities, from bestcolleges.com, explains your legal rights and campus resources that can provide you with assistive services and tools. The webpage also lists a number of other websites, apps, and software resources to aid students with specific types of disabilities.
Comprehensive college search resource list, Getting There, from the American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD), covering a multitude of topics. Some of the links no longer work, but there is still lots and lots of good stuff.
“Disability Service” is a 26:58-minute video from Higher Education Today. Jonathan M. Young, Chairman, National Council on Disability, and Dr. Dorling Joseph, Disability Coordinator, University of Maryland Eastern Shore, discuss various aspects of disability services on college campuses.
4 Tips for College Applicants, Students with Physical Disabilities, an article from US News and World Report
Planning Ahead: Financial Aid for Students with Disabilities is a resource paper for students, parents, and others who help students with disabilities to get financial help for postsecondary education. Includes an introduction to financial aid, as well as lists of scholarships by field and some designated for students with specific disabilities.
Community colleges compared to four-year colleges
Here are a few articles about the differences between community and 4-year colleges:
- 4 ways community college life differ from a 4-year college experience, from US News and World Report, 2015
- Community colleges versus universities
- Community college FAQ, from the College Board
Guide for guidance counselors
A guide for advising high school students with disabilities on postsecondary options, from the Heath Center at George Washington University, 2006: Guidance and Career Counselors’ Toolkit
Programs to get ready for college life
The Keene State College Links program is a six-week summer residential pre-college program for first-time college students. The purpose is to expose you to the academic and social expectations of college in a supportive learning community.
The Heath Resource Center at George Washington University publishes an annual listing of summer programs for students with disabilities who are seeking ways to prepare for college and enhance college performance: 2015 Summer Pre-College Programs for Students with Disabilities. Heath has not updated their guide for 2016, however, the general program information should still be useful.
Apprenticeships bridge the gap between school and the world of work. An apprenticeship is a way to learn a valued trade through structured on-the-job training, and get paid while you do so.
- Carpentry: United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America – New England Regional Council of Carpenters
- Electrical: NH information on electrical apprenticeships
- Plumbing: NH information on plumbing apprenticeships
- Ironwork: International Association of Bridge, Structural, Ornamental and Reinforcing Iron Workers
- Culinary arts: American Culinary Federation
- Childcare: Vermont’s childcare apprenticeship program
- Aerospace: Aerospace Joint Apprenticeship Committee
- Heavy equipment operation: International Union of Operating Engineers
A big list of occupations that have apprenticeships, with links to more information about each one.
ApprenticeshipUSA is a national apprenticeship website from the US Department of Labor. It’s easy to use, with information about apprenticeships in general, a map to search for opportunities, and a big FAQ.
Giant resource list for apprenticeships, including international options. It was last updated in 2010 so some links no longer work. However it still offers a lot.
NCWD/Youth developed two apprenticeship training modules and a strategic planning exercise. The modules can be used independently to learn about apprenticeship, or a facilitator can use the modules to train groups. One is an overview and history of apprenticeship in the U.S., including how apprenticeship is structured, regulated, and implemented at the national, state, and local levels. The second provides specific information about serving youth with disabilities and connecting them to apprenticeship opportunities. Just click through the powerpoints if you want the core information.
Trade or vocational schools
Trade or vocational schools are also called career schools or job training programs. While a traditional college may require you take classes in a variety of subjects, trade schools focus on training you for a specific skilled career. There are a lot more options than you think!
Be sure to investigate a vocational school carefully to make sure it is reputable. Suggestions to what to look for in a vocational school
- Heavy Construction Academy in Brentwood, NH
- Keene Beauty Academy in Keene, NH
- New Hampshire School of Mechanical Trades in Manchester, NH
- New England School of Barbering in Concord, NH
- Visible Edge Institute in Nashua, NH
The American Council for Professional Education and Training (ACPET) has a Technical Training & Career School Directory of competency-based education and training programs in northern New England (PDF, 40 pages). There are brief descriptions of the programs as well as general career school tips and information.
In 2014, there were 14 accredited trade schools in New Hampshire.
Real Work Matters lists vocational schools all over the country.
Accommodations and documentation
Accommodations are tools and methods that give you more options for how you learn something, for example, extra time on tests, audio or e-books, or a notetaker. Accommodations (NOT modifications) can be critical to success at the postsecondary level.
Your IEP or 504 Plan does not follow you to college. It may provide useful background information but has no legal standing once you graduate from high school. At the college level you can get accommodations to help you do your work, and then you must meet the same course completion standards as any other student.
To get accommodations you must provide documentation of your disability to the college disability services office. Documentation and the nature of your disability is confidential information and will not be shared with your professors or other college staff. The disability services office will determine if you are eligible for accommodations, then work with you to plan your accommodations. You will be the one to deliver the requests to your professors. The college must provide the agreed accommodations. However, you the student are the one to make the request. It’s not done for you as it was in high school.
Documentation both verifies the existence of a disability and provides a rationale for reasonable accommodations. Requirements vary from college to college; it is critically important to check the specific requirements of your college. Typical requirements are:
- Documentation no more than three years old (exceptions made for conditions that are permanent or unchanging)
- Academic evaluation which explains how your disability impacts your major life activities
- Medical information which explains how your disability impacts your major life activities, if appropriate
- A summary of assessments and evaluation instruments used to make the diagnoses
- A summary of evaluation results
- Note that your IEP is not considered sufficient documentation in most places
Getting Accommodations at College: Tools for School when you have a mental health disability. Attractive, user-friendly tipsheet from Transitions RTC in Massachusetts (PDF, 2 pages, 2011).
“Disability Services” is a 26:58-minute video overview from Higher Education Today. It touches on the nuts and bolts of setting up different kinds of accommodations as well as supporting students who are reluctant to ask for help.
You can change your mind!
High school students contemplating life and work after graduation can be overwhelmed by choices. It helps to remember a few basics:
- You can always change your mind. You can even fail. No experience is wasted. In fact, today’s high school graduate will probably have five or more “careers” in the coming decades.
- A successful work life requires collaboration, communication, and adaptability. These abilities are as important as job-specific skills, and you carry them with you as you change jobs.
- Your creative and intellectual abilities will only expand as you grow older and your world enlarges. In other words, it gets better.
- If you aren’t sure what your strengths are and what you might be good at, ask a trusted mentor or teacher for an honest evaluation of your people skills, not just your academic skills. Go with your strengths.