Shared Decision-Making

Definition: School staff supports student success by actively engaging families in shared decision-making in student assessment (including age-appropriate transition assessment), services delivery, and program evaluation to assist in successful transition planning.


  • Participation in program policy development
  • Participation in services delivery
  • Involvement in student assessment
  • Participation in evaluation of student’s program
  • Preparation for transition planning


Tips for Administrators, Teachers, and Families: How to Share Data Effectively (PDF, 10 pages, 2013) from the Harvard Family Research Project provides tips for administrators, teachers, and families for best ways to informally share student data to strengthen family–school partnerships and promote student learning.

“The Journey to Life After High School: A Road Map for Parents of Children with Special Needs”, from, is a comprehensive guide to the laws that impact a student with special needs, the importance of the IEP, and the different paths a student can take after high school. Includes preparation required for the new adult’s legal and medical rights. PDF, 81 pages

High-level overview of collaboration in transition planning and why it is so important, from Pacer’s National Center on Transition and Employment: “Interagency Collaboration and Transition”

Related Framework pages

This area overlaps with other areas of the Framework. See the pages below, depending on your area of interest.

Collaborative planning

Self-determination and self-advocacy

Interagency collaboration toolkit

Communication processes