Transition Law

Definition: Families understand special education laws and requirements and their role in the transition process.

  • Federal special education laws focused on transition, explained in clear language by the Center for Parent Information and Resources:
    1. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) ensures students with a disability are provided with Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) that is tailored to their individual needs. Indicator 13 explanation and NH resourcesIndicator 14 overview (PDF, 1 page).
    2. Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) reauthorized the 50-year-old Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), the nation’s national education law.
    3. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability.
    4. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public. There is a free, introductory online course, ADA Basic Building Blocks, to help increase your knowledge and understanding of the basic principles and core concepts in the ADA and the ADA Amendments Act of 2008.
    5. Assistive Technology Act (Tech Act) provides federal funds from the U.S. Department of Education to states to develop training and delivery systems for assistive technology devices and services.
  • You can also find information on the first four laws at US Government sites:
  • Federal employment laws, described on a US Dept. of Labor page, protect individuals with disabilities from discrimination in employment and the job application process.
    • The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
    • The Rehabilitation Act authorizes funding for various disability-related purposes and activities, including state vocational rehabilitation (VR) programs, independent living programs, training and research, and the work of the National Council on Disability.
    • The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) consolidates federal job training and employment programs. This act was updated in 2014 as the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA)
    • The Vietnam Era Veterans’ Readjustment Assistance Act requires employers that have federal contracts or subcontracts of certain dollar amounts to provide equal employment opportunities for certain veterans with disabilities.
    • The Civil Service Reform Act contains several rules to promote fairness in federal personnel actions and prohibit discrimination against applicants and employees with disabilities.
  • A Guide to Disability Rights Laws, 2009, from the US Dept. of Justice. Provides an overview of Federal civil rights laws that ensure equal opportunity for people with disabilities. Also available in large print, Braille, audio tape, and computer disk.
  • Comprehensive information about special education law, education law, advocacy for children with disabilities, and transition: Wrightslaw
  • A Massachusetts lawyer’s blog on special education issues, from a special education lawyer with clients in MA and NH.

Links checked 5/20/19

Updated 11/13/19