Education Options After High School Toolkit
You have more options than you may realize for continuing your education after high school. It’s called postsecondary education.
How to continue your education after high school
- Earn a two- or four-year degree at a college.
- Enroll in a certificate program at a community college.
- Enter an apprenticeship program. Apprenticeships are formal combinations of classroom and on-the-job training.
- Enter an occupation-specific training program. These are sometimes called trade schools or vocational schools.
- Enroll in an inclusive college campus program. The new UNH-4U program is a college option for young adults with intellectual disabilities. Another example is Think College.
- Start or continue training in a career or technical education program. Start in high school with the NH Career Academy.
- Join a branch of the military: Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marine Corps, and Navy.
- Apply to Job Corps. Job Corp is a no-cost career technical training and education program for low income young people ages 16 through 24.
- Take an online course in a field that interests you. Accredited Schools Online is a website specifically about online postsecondary programs.
- Try a gap year program.
- Work and take adult or continuing education classes.
- Enroll in a one-year program to work on specific skills.
- Enter a volunteer program where you travel and work for a year in the US or abroad.
- …and more. You have options!
There’s deciding to go to college, finding a college, and thriving once you get there. This section has resources to help with all that. New Hampshire and border state college disability services
Benchmarks for College Success
Keene State College Office for Disability Services has identified five important benchmarks for college success:
- Collect proper documentation of disability
- Demonstrate self-advocacy skills
- Demonstrate responsibility (intrinsic motivation)
- Understand the differences between high school and college
- Integrate assistive technology into daily life
Benchmarks for College Success (PDF, 28 slides, 2016) is a Powerpoint presentation with more details on each of these benchmarks, especially assistive technology.
Going from high school to college
Summaries of differences between high school and college:
- Short chart, from the New Hampshire Technical Institute, PDF, 1 page
- More detailed chart, from a national center on transition, PDF, 3 pages
Landmark College in Putney, Vermont, developed a Guide to Assessing College Readiness to help parents and students assess readiness for college work. The six-page guide identifies five success areas: academic skills, self-understanding (metacognition), self-advocacy, executive function, and motivation and confidence. (PDF, 6 pages, 2009)
Self-advocacy and the Transition to College is an eight-lesson curriculum that addresses the specific needs of students with disabilities who are getting ready for postsecondary education: knowledge of your disability, how it impacts your learning, what accommodations are needed, how to communicate those needs, and your rights and responsibilities under the law. From the Monadnock Center for Successful Transitions at Keene State College. (PDF, 66 pages, 2011)
Especially for parents
“An Open Letter to Parents of Students With Disabilities About to Enter College” was written a few years ago by Jane Jarrow from the University of Buffalo Disability Services Office. “Very few children with disabilities can succeed at the college level. On the other hand, students with disabilities survive and thrive on college campuses across the country.” The letter is full of suggestions to help parents and students make the necessary transition from child to college student.
Good story about a college student who was initially reluctant to use available help, and how she eventually flowered: “College Special-Needs Students Face Choice: Seek Help or Go It Alone?”
The ADA, Section 504 & Postsecondary Education handout is one of PACER’s most downloaded and widely distributed documents (PDF, 3 pages, 2015).
Living college life with a disability
Going to College is a website developed by Virginia Commonwealth University with information about living college life with a disability. It’s designed for high school students and has video clips, activities, and resources that to help you get a head start.
Making My Way Through College (PDF, 44 pages, 2015) is for any student interested in a degree or other type of certification at a two-year or four-year college. It was developed by the National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability (NCWD).
Winning in College: A Guide for Students with Disabilities is an online guide that covers topics such as rights of students with disabilities, required documentation, scholarships, and choosing the right school. It also has good sections about online courses, resources by type of disability, and suggestions for mobile apps and desktop software for assistive technology.
Finding a disability-friendly college
Review the disability services office information on the college’s website. Colleges list their disability services offices in different places on their websites, so try typing “disabilities” in the website’s search box to find the office quickly. Disability services at NH and nearby colleges
A list of questions to ask to make sure a college can meet your needs, from Fastweb, a scholarship resource site.
College Navigator is a quick way to compare information about different colleges, from the National Center for Education Statistics. Easy to use and interesting!
College Resources for Students with Disabilities, from bestcolleges.com, explains your legal rights and campus resources that can provide you with assistive services and tools. The webpage also lists a number of other websites, apps, and software resources to aid students with specific types of disabilities.
Comprehensive college search resource list, Higher Education: Getting There (PDF, 8 pages, 2013) from the American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD), covering a multitude of topics. Some of the links no longer work, but there is still lots and lots of good stuff.
4 Tips for College Applicants, Students with Physical Disabilities, an article from US News and World Report
Planning Ahead: Financial Aid for Students with Disabilities (PDF, 47 pages, 2015) is a resource paper for students, parents, and others who help students with disabilities to get financial help for post-secondary education. Includes an introduction to financial aid, as well as lists of scholarships by field and some designated for students with specific disabilities.
Community colleges compared to four-year colleges
Here are a few articles about the differences between community and 4-year colleges:
- 4 ways community college life differ from a 4-year college experience, from US News and World Report, 2015
- Community colleges versus universities
- Community college FAQ, from the College Board
Programs to get ready for college life
The Keene State College Links program is a six-week summer residential pre-college program for first-time college students. The purpose is to expose you to the academic and social expectations of college in a supportive learning community.
Apprenticeships bridge the gap between school and the world of work. An apprenticeship is a way to learn a skilled trade through structured on-the-job training, and get paid while you do so.
Check out these websites to see examples of apprenticeships:
- Carpentry: United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America – New England Regional Council of Carpenters
- Electrical: Independent Electrical Contractors apprenticeship programs
- Plumbing: RotoRooter apprenticeships
- Ironwork: International Association of Bridge, Structural, Ornamental and Reinforcing Iron Workers
- Culinary arts: American Culinary Federation
- Childcare: Vermont’s childcare apprenticeship program
- Aerospace: Aerospace Joint Apprenticeship Committee
- Heavy equipment operation: International Union of Operating Engineers
New Hampshire apprenticeship resources
- General apprenticeship information from NH Employment Security
- ApprenticeshipNH.com develops registered apprenticeship opportunities within the advanced manufacturing, automotive technology, biomedical technology, construction/infrastructure, healthcare, hospitality and information technology sectors.
- Fact Sheet on New Hampshire apprenticeships in 2019 from NH Employment Security.
National apprenticeship resources
- Apprenticeship.gov from the US Department of Labor. It’s easy to use, with information about apprenticeships in general, a map to search for opportunities, and a big FAQ.
- Apprenticeships page from the US Department of Labor Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP). Lots of resources including an Apprenticeship Toolkit. Snippet from ODEP’s video series featuring apprentices with and without disabilities and their apprenticeship sponsors:
- Youth Apprenticeship in America Today (PDF, 32 pages, 2017) gives a good overview of the history and current state of apprenticeships in America, along with examples of innovative state approaches.
- Apprenticeship Training Resource List, including international options. It was last updated in 2010 so some links no longer work. However it still offers a lot.
Trade or vocational schools are also called career schools, occupation-specific training programs, or job training programs. While a traditional college may require you take classes in a variety of subjects, trade schools focus on training you for a specific skilled career. There are a lot more options than you think!
A career in one of the trades can provide you with a good life and a good living. They often involve a lot of physical, hands-on work while still being very mentally engaging. 43 Trade School Jobs Among the Highest Paying Trades
Be sure to investigate a vocational school carefully to make sure it is reputable. Suggestions to what to look for in a vocational school
- Heavy Construction Academy in Brentwood, NH
- Keene Beauty Academy in Keene, NH
- National Aviation Academy in Concord, MA
- New England School of Barbering in Concord, NH
- New Hampshire School of Mechanical Trades in Manchester, NH
In 2014, there were 14 accredited trade schools in New Hampshire.
Real Work Matters lists vocational schools all over the country.
College accommodations and documentation
Accommodations are tools and methods that give you more options for how you learn something, for example, extra time on tests, audio or e-books, or a notetaker. Accommodations (NOT modifications) can be critical to success at the postsecondary level.
Your IEP or 504 Plan does not follow you to college. It may provide useful background information but has no legal standing once you graduate from high school. At the college level you can get accommodations to help you do your work, and then you must meet the same course completion standards as any other student.
To get accommodations you must provide documentation of your disability to the college disability services office. Documentation and the nature of your disability is confidential information and will not be shared with your professors or other college staff. The disability services office will determine if you are eligible for accommodations, then work with you to plan your accommodations. You will be the one to deliver the requests to your professors. The college must provide the agreed accommodations. However, you the student are the one to make the request. It’s not done for you as it was in high school.
Documentation both verifies the existence of a disability and provides a rationale for reasonable accommodations. Requirements vary from college to college; it is critically important to check the specific requirements of your college. Typical requirements are:
- Documentation no more than three years old (exceptions made for conditions that are permanent or unchanging)
- Academic evaluation which explains how your disability impacts your major life activities
- Medical information which explains how your disability impacts your major life activities, if appropriate
- A summary of assessments and evaluation instruments used to make the diagnoses
- A summary of evaluation results
- Note that your IEP is not considered sufficient documentation in most places
Getting Accommodations at College: Tools for School when you have a mental health disability. Attractive, user-friendly tipsheet from Transitions RTC in Massachusetts (PDF, 2 pages, 2011).
“Disability Services” is a 26:58-minute video overview from Higher Education Today. It touches on the nuts and bolts of setting up different kinds of accommodations as well as supporting students who are reluctant to ask for help:
Change Your Mind
High school students contemplating life and work after graduation can be overwhelmed by choices. It helps to remember a few basics:
- You can always change your mind. You can even fail. No experience is wasted. In fact, today’s high school graduate will probably have five or more “careers” in the coming decades.
- A successful work life requires collaboration, communication, and adaptability. These abilities are as important as job-specific skills, and you carry them with you as you change jobs.
- Your creative and intellectual abilities will only expand as you grow older and your world enlarges. In other words, it gets better.
- If you aren’t sure what your strengths are and what you might be good at, ask a trusted mentor or teacher for an honest evaluation of your people skills, not just your academic skills. Go with your strengths.
Links checked and updated 5/29/20